Did you know there are eight — yes, eight — different Ontario notice of eviction forms? While nobody likes dealing with evictions, not all evictions are created equal. Sometimes a landlord needs to evict a tenant for their own personal use or for much-needed renovations to the rental property.
To help you know which form a landlord should use for each unique situation, here is your guide to Eviction Notice Ontario Forms.
N4: Notice to End your Tenancy Early for Non-payment of Rent
A landlord would use an N4 Form if their tenant has not paid their rent on time. If their rent was due on the first of the month, for example, a landlord is permitted to serve them the N4 as early as the second of the month.
It’s important to note that a landlord can only serve this form if the tenant is still living in the rental unit. If the tenant has moved out, you’ll need to take your claim to court.
Once the form is served, the tenant has until the date of termination to pay the outstanding rent. If rent is paid, the form is void and you cannot evict the tenant.
N5: Notice to End your Tenancy for Interfering with Others, Damage or Overcrowding
There are three reasons when a landlord may need to serve an N5 form:
- If a tenant or a guest of a tenant substantially interfered with another tenant in the residential complex or the landlord and their “reasonable enjoyment” of the property.
- If a tenant or a guest of their tenant caused significant or negligent damage to the property.
- There are more people living in the rental unit than is permitted by health, safety and property standards.
If you live in the same building as your tenant and the building has less than three residential units, you’ll need to give your tenant Form N7. You can find more info on that form below.
Once the N5 Form has been given, the tenant has seven days to correct the described behavior. On the eighth day, if no progress has been made, you can apply to evict the tenant.
N6: Notice to End your Tenancy for Illegal Acts or Misrepresenting Income in a Rent-Geared-to-Income Rental Unit
There are three instances when a landlord may use an N6 Form to evict their tenant(s):
- The tenant has committed an illegal act or illegal business within the rental unit.
- The tenant has permitted another person to commit an illegal act at the residential complex.
- The tenant has misrepresented their income in order to live in a rent-geared-to-income housing.
When giving this form to your tenant, be sure to keep a copy for yourself.
N7: Notice to End your Tenancy for Causing Serious Problems in the Rental Unit or Residential Complex
There are four reasons when a landlord may use an N7 Form:
- If a tenant or a guest of a tenant seriously impaired the safety of another person inside the residential complex.
- If a tenant or a guest of a tenant wilfully damaged the property, either inside the rental unit or the residential complex. The landlord will need to prove that the damage was done wilfully. If not, they’ll need to use an N5 Form.
- The tenant or a guest of the tenant has used the rental unit in a manner inconsistent with its use and this act has resulted in damage.
- You live in the same building as the tenant and the tenant has interfered with your enjoyment of the unit or any lawful rights, privileges, or interests. This rule only applies to buildings that have less than three residential units.
If you do not live in the same building as your tenant, use Form N5 instead.
N8: Notice to End your Tenancy at the End of the Term
There are a variety of reasons why a landlord may need to serve their tenant an N8 Form which is to end tenancy at the end of the term:
- The tenant has persistently been late with their rent payments.
- The tenant no longer qualifies for the subsidized housing affiliated with the rental unit.
- The tenant was renting the unit as a condition of their employment and their employment has ended.
- The tenancy was created in good faith as a result of an Agreement of Purchase and Sale for a pre-construction condo unit and the agreement has been terminated.
- The tenant is occupying the unit specifically to receive therapeutic or rehabilitative care and the tenancy period has ended.
N12: Notice to End your Tenancy Because the Landlord, a Purchaser or a Family Member Requires the Rental Unit
In instances where a landlord would like to move themselves or an immediate family member into the rental property, an N12 Form is to be used. Under these circumstances, the landlord, a member of their immediate family, or a person who will provide care to either of the former must be planning to live in the unit for at least one year.
You cannot give this notice if:
- The complex has been converted into a condominium and the tenant lived there before this change.
- The complex was severed and the tenant lived there at the time consent to severance was given.
- The complex is an equity co-op.
In this case of eviction for personal use, the landlord is required to provide N12 compensation to their tenant. This amount must be equal to one month’s rent or the landlord must offer their tenant another rental property that is acceptable to them. Refer here for full instructions for N12 Compensation and rules.
N13: Notice to End your Tenancy Because the Landlord Wants to Demolish the Rental Unit, Repair it or Convert it to Another Use
An N13 Form is used if a landlord is planning to demolish or convert the rental property, or has plans to extensively renovate or repair the rental property and their tenant must vacate in order to do so.
There are lots of stipulations that landlords should know regarding an N13, most notably, that a landlord is required to offer their tenant the right to move back into the rental unit after the renovations are complete for the exact same rental rate they had been paying prior to the renovations. Read our blog What you need to know about evicting tenants for renovations in Ontario for a more in-depth look at this type of eviction.
N11: Agreement to End the Tenancy
If the tenant and the landlord have mutually agreed to end the tenancy and none of the other aforementioned forms apply, then the N11 Form is to be used.
HAVE MORE QUESTIONS ABOUT EVICTION NOTICE ONTARIO FORMS?
While we have done our best to summarize the eviction notice forms here, we encourage you to visit the Landlord and Tenant Board Ontario webpage for the full list of these eviction notice forms and how to use them.
Feel free to contact us with any additional questions.